Xenophon on Liberality and Freedom: Ancient Aristocratic Values and Contemporary Inequalities

Is there a set of character traits both necessary and sufficient for being a “great leader”?

In his “biography” of the first king of the Persian Empire, Xenophon says of Cyrus the Great: In his nature Cyrus is reputed and still celebrated even now among the barbarians as most beautiful in his form and most loving of humanity (φιλανθρωπότατος) in his soul, as well as most loving of learning (φιλομαθέστατος) and most loving of being honored (φιλοτιμότατος), to the point that he would endure every labor… Read more

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