Women in medicine: an epigraphic research

Aristotle’s Metaphysics of Modality

Citation with persistent identifier: Aimar, Simona. “Aristotle’s Metaphysics of Modality.” CHS Research Bulletin 8 (2020). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:AimarS.Aristotles_Metaphysics_of_Modality.2020. The Project We often know what has to be the case in the world for a claim to be true. For instance, we know that the claim (1)  It is raining in Washington, DC. is true just in case it is raining in Washington, DC. Thus the fact that it is raining is Washington, DC is the… Read more

Ars Brevis: Temporal and Exegetical Compressions in Greco-Roman and Islamicate Medicine

Citation with persistent identifier: Das, Aileen. “Ars Brevis: Temporal and Exegetical Compressions in Greco-Roman and Islamicate Medicine.” CHS Research Bulletin 8 (2020). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:DasA.Ars_Brevis.2020 My previous work on the medieval Islamicate reception of Plato’s Timaeus, which circulated in Arabic through the Greek physician Galen’s (d. c. 217 CE) summary of the dialogue, has led to an interest in the role of brevity in medical discourse, which is the subject of my second monograph, Ars… Read more

The Legacy of Ancient Greek Ideals at Times of Environmental Crisis: Heritage, Democracy and Art in Southern Italy and Greece

Citation with persistent identifier: Pellegrino, Manuela. “The Legacy of Ancient Greek Ideals at Times of Environmental Crisis: Heritage, Democracy and Art in Southern Italy and Greece.” CHS Research Bulletin 8 (2020). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:PellegrinoM.The_Legacy_of_Ancient_Greek_Ideals_at_Times_of_Environmental_Crisis.2020 In October 2018, I applied to the Center for Hellenic Studies with a project with the provisional title, “The Legacy of Ancient Greek Ideals at Times of Environmental Crisis: Heritage, Democracy and Art in Southern Italy and Greece.” This fellowship allows… Read more

Wise Citizens and Other Arguments for the Defense of Democracy in Aristotle’s Politics

Citation with persistent identifier: Tsouni, Georgia. “Wise Citizens and Other Arguments for the Defense of Democracy in Aristotle’s Politics.” CHS Research Bulletin 7 (2019). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:TsouniG.Wise_Citizens_and_Other_Arguments.2019 Abstract The Aristotelian notion of phronesis has received a lot of scholarly attention in recent years. Less studied is the role that phronesis plays in Aristotle’s political philosophy as the central virtue applied primarily to rulers, and in a limited sense, to the multitude of citizens as well.… Read more

The Metaphors of Conscientia in Seneca’s Epistles

Citation with persistent identifier: Németh, Attila. “The Metaphors of Conscientia in Seneca’s Epistles.” CHS Research Bulletin 7 (2019). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:NemethA.The_Metaphors_of_Conscientia.2019 Abstract In his philosophical works Seneca masterfully applies an inherited stock of imagery to illuminate some Stoic technical terminology in a context that is more meaningful and familiar to his Roman and later readers. However, in certain cases in Seneca’s moral letters, his metaphors do not seem to be simply ornamental or clarifying. Instead,… Read more

Happiness According to Aristotle

Citation with persistent identifier: Reece, Bryan C. “Happiness According to Aristotle.” CHS Research Bulletin 7 (2019). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:ReeceB.Happiness_According_to_Aristotle.2019 Abstract Aristotle thinks that questions about how we should live as individuals and as communities must be answered with reference to a more fundamental question: What is the happy life for a human being? This question about happiness thus holds the key for the entire Aristotelian system of moral and political philosophy. Unfortunately, while the… Read more

Heroic Mimēsis and the Ancient Greek Athletic Spirit

Citation with persistent identifier: Reid, Heather. “Heroic Mimēsis and the Ancient Greek Athletic Spirit.” CHS Research Bulletin 7 (2019). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:ReidH.Heroic_Mimesis_and_the_Ancient_Greek_Athletic_Spirit.2019 Abstract Moral education in ancient Greece engaged in what I call a cultural conspiracy to promote aretē.  In order to understand how sport functioned in that system, we need to connect athletic practice with the cultural phenomena that surround it, including myth, ritual, song, dance, literature, and visual art.  We need, in… Read more

The Social Network of Socrates

Persistent identifier with citation: Harris Cline, Diane. “The Social Network of Socrates.” CHS Research Bulletin 7 (2019). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:ClineD.The_Social_Network_of_Socrates.2019 To enlarge a figure, click directly on the image. The spreadsheet referred to below is available to download.[1] In recent years Social Network Analysis has become a tool for analyzing a remarkably wide range of social networks, not just inside Social Media (Facebook, Twitter) but in every imaginable setting.[2] There are several reasons for… Read more

Abstract | The Social Network of Socrates

Abstract Social Network Analysis is a tool that can be applied when a data set has many relationships and one wants to see what is going on as a whole. It can be used for places (trade partnerships or theoroi and their voyages), things (distributions of pot sherds or stamped bricks, sculptors and their collaborations), or people. The sources can come from archaeology or epigraphy or texts, as in this experiment.  Using… Read more

“Ptolemaeus Byzantinus”: The reception of Ptolemy’s astronomy in the Byzantine world

Persistent identifier: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:LempireJ.Ptolemaeus_Byzantinus.2018 Abstract My research aims to make an important contribution to the history of Greek astronomy through the study of manuscripts, following two complementary lines of research: on the one hand, the editing – together with translation and commentary – of Greek astronomical texts from Late Antiquity (5th-6th centuries) and the Byzantine period (7th-15th centuries); on the other hand, the identification and analysis of the milieus in which Byzantine astronomical manuscripts… Read more

Cosmos [to] Commons: Systems and Sustainability in Classical Life and Thought

Persistent identifier: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:UsherM.Cosmos_to_Commons.2018 Abstract Cosmos [to] Commons presents a genealogy of modern ideas about sustainability and complex systems through a series of case studies from Greek and Roman antiquity. It is a self-described work of “environmental philology” that probes the question of how ancient thought and experience might still speak to us today. The word “to” in the title is something of a double-entendre. On the one hand, it is meant… Read more

Aristotle as a name-giver: the cognitive aspect of his theory and practice

Persistent identifier: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:ChritiM.Aristotle_as_a_Name-giver.2018 In this survey an attempt is made to examine whether Aristotle’s approaches to language, as depicted in his theory and practice, can be paralleled with those that gave rise to the fundamental principles of cognitive linguistics, the field which concentrates on what happens in the human mind during the production and reception of language. Since cognitive linguistics is still in the process of self-definition, for the purposes of… Read more

Computational Analysis of the Corpus Platonicum

Persistent identifier: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:KoentgesT.Computational_Analysis_of_the_Corpus_Platonicum.2018 Abstract The Corpus Platonicum is one of the most well-known and most influential works of ancient literature. Yet, it still has unresolved challenges regarding its tetralogical form and the authorship of some of the works. In addition, tracing its ideas through two millennia of Greek literature requires intimate knowledge of the over 500,000-words-long corpus, but also the reading and manual analysis of several-hundred-million words of Greek. The last… Read more

Dogmata, Rules, Prohibitions: an overall investigation of the Pythagorean symbola

Persistent identifier: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:FerellaC.Dogmata_Rules_Prohibitions.2018 Abstract As part of a large body of traditional Pythagorean wisdom, symbola are short sentences concerning diverse topics including cosmology, ethics, ritual and cult, dietary precepts as well as regulations of everyday behaviour. Pythagorean followers considered them the most important and most characteristic of the master’s teachings. Despite increasing interest in Pythagorean studies, an overall investigation of the symbola in the context of ancient philosophy and thought is… Read more

Myth and Philosophy in Late Antique Neoplatonism: Porphyry of Tyre (c. 234-305)

Persistent identifier: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:ViltaniotiIF.Myth_and_Philosophy_in_Late_Antique_Neoplatonism.2018 During my term at the CHS (Fall 2017), I have jointly worked on: (a) my CHS project, focusing on the reception and interpretation of traditional (especially Homeric) and philosophical (Platonic) myths in Porphyry of Tyre (c. 234-305), Plotinus’ pupil and editor; (b) secondarily, the KU Leuven research project on epistemic authority in late antique Neoplatonism, focusing on the logical reconstruction of Plato’s arguments in the Greek commentary tradition… Read more

Between Seriousness and Play: Imperial Platonic Readings of the Aristotelian Natural Problems (Plutarch, Taurus, Apuleius)

Citation with persistent identifier: Meeusen, Michiel. “Between Seriousness and Play: Imperial Platonic Readings of the Aristotelian Natural Problems (Plutarch, Taurus, Apuleius).” CHS Research Bulletin 5, no. 2 (2017). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:MeeusenM.Between_Seriousness_and_Play.2017 The Aristotelian Natural Problems: origins and success “Why are great excesses disease-producing? – Is it because they produce either excess or defect? And these are disease?”; “Why does cabbage prevent hangovers? – Is it because it has juice that is sweet and able to… Read more

Abstract | Scholarship and Leadership on the Black Sea: Clearchus of Heraclea as (Un)Enlightened Tyrant

Clearchus of Heraclea Pontica, who ruled as tyrant from 364 to 352 BC, provides an interesting case-study in the intersection of politics and philosophy in the ancient Greek world. Although trained under Plato and Isocrates in Athens, upon his accession to power in Heraclea, he largely rejected their teachings by becoming cruel and by pandering to the demos. Although formerly a participant in their scholarly community, Clearchus was murdered in… Read more

Abstract | Between Seriousness and Play: Imperial Platonic Readings of the Aristotelian Natural Problems (Plutarch, Taurus, Apuleius)

The aim of this contribution is to examine how the Natural Problems, attributed to Aristotle (but only partially authentic), were received in the first centuries of the Imperial period, specifically in Platonist milieus. I will zoom in on three distinguished Platonic readers: viz. Plutarch of Chaeronea, L. Calvenus Taurus, and Apuleius of Madauros. Which reading contexts can we distinguish in the literature and what do we learn about the readers’… Read more

Herodotean Democracies

Citation with persistent identifier: Schlosser, Joel Alden. “Herodotean Democracies.” CHS Research Bulletin 5, no. 1 (2016). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:SchlosserJ.Herodotean_Democracies.2016 I. 1§1 To study the past, let alone antiquity, at a time when present challenges are both stupendously urgent and complex beyond understanding often feels quite dissonant. How can we possible turn our backs on what’s happening right now to think about ancient history? This feeling has been especially strong in 2016. After a summer… Read more

Aristotelian Piety Reconsidered

Citation with persistent identifier: Aufderheide, Joachim. “Aristotelian Piety Reconsidered.” CHS Research Bulletin 5, no. 1 (2016). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:AufderheideJ.Aristotelian_Piety_Reconsidered.2016 Introduction 1§1 Aristotle apparently does not discuss piety in the Nicomachean Ethics. The omission is puzzling because piety was an important and well-discussed virtue; Plato even devoted a whole dialogue to it, the Euthyphro. I will not dwell long on possible explanations. Prima facie, Aristotle could have made room for piety, but chose not to:… Read more

Abstract | Aristotelian Piety Reconsidered

Aristotle apparently does not discuss piety in the Nicomachean Ethics, certainly not overtly. Against an ingenious proposal by Sarah Broadie, I argue that the passage she identifies as a covert discussion of piety does not give a special role to piety. By placing the passage in question in its context, I provide a reading of the context that can explain why Aristotle needs to discuss the connection between external resources and happiness. The… Read more

Prodicus on the Rise of Civilization: Religion, Agriculture, and Culture Heroes

Citation with persistent identifier: Kouloumentas, Stavros. “Prodicus on the rise of civilization: religion, agriculture, and culture heroes.” CHS Research Bulletin 4, no. 2 (2016). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:KouloumentasS.Prodicus_on_the_Rise_of_Civilization.2016 1§1 Three authors who were active in classical Athens seem to have been familiar with Prodicus’ doctrines.[1] Xenophon preserves a speech of Prodicus in which the young Heracles meets Virtue and Vice, two ladies of entirely different appearance and character who in turn make cases for living… Read more

Anaxagoras, Socrates, and the History of “Philosophy”

Citation with persistent identifier: Moore, Christopher. “Anaxagoras, Socrates, and the history of “philosophy.” CHS Research Bulletin 4, no. 2 (2016). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:MooreC.Anaxagoras_Socrates_and_the_History_of_Philosophy.2016 The tenuous grip of a name 1§1 In all of extant fifth-century Greek literature, authors use the terms philosophos, philosopheô, and philosophia half a dozen times.[1] Those uses serve as so many camerae obscurae onto Greek intellectual history. Squeezing through those lexical pinpricks are dense and brilliant tableaux of investigations, debates, and… Read more

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