Numbers, counting, and calculation in Attic oratory

Odysseus in Aeschylean Drama: Revisiting the Fragments

Abstract During my year-long appointment as a CHS-AUTH fellow in Hellenic Studies, I had the opportunity to work on my research project: Odysseus in Aeschylean Drama: Revisiting the Fragments. In my paper I examine the highly fragmentary Aeschylean trilogy concerning Odysseus’ nostos, which consists of the plays Psychagogoi, Penelope, and Ostologoi. A close reading of the surviving fragments allows us to hypothesize that Aeschylus employs various mechanisms and techniques through… Read more

Phaedra and Hippolytus: the intertextual journey of the mytheme in 21st century’s drama plays

In the context of the one-year fellowship offered to me by the collaborative programme between the Center for Hellenic Studies and the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki I have completed the article titled “Phaedra and Hippolytus: the intertextual journey of the mytheme in 21st century’s drama plays”. The article proposes an intertextual approach to the timeless myth of Phaedra and Hippolytus by looking at its various adaptations, particularly in the Greek… Read more

The Rhythm of Greek Oral Poetry: Prosody, Accentual Groups and Metrical Anomalies

Kelma! Kelma! Xi tkun inti?Minn fejn ġejt? Meta tnissilt?[…]Ġejt kif ġejt, int l-isbaħ, l-akbar,fost kemm hawn egħġubijet. Word, O word! What are you? Where do you come from? How were you born? […] Anyway, you are the prettiest and greatest of all wonders.Dun Karm (National Poet of Malta), Il-kelma 1–2, 5–6 §0. In October 2018, I applied to Harvard University’s Center for Hellenic Studies (henceforth CHS) with the project “The… Read more

Xenophon on Liberality and Freedom: Ancient Aristocratic Values and Contemporary Inequalities

Abstract Xenophon’s use of slavery as an analogy for political unfreedom permeates his writings, including those revered by the country’s Founding Fathers, the Cyropaedia and the Memorabilia. Xenophon identifies the virtuous leading citizen and ruler through the absence of qualities described as andrapodes (‘of a man-footed beast’, perhaps ancient Greek’s most dehumanising term for the enslaved) and aneleutheron (‘unfree’). The restatement of the link between freedom and unfreedom as character… Read more

Portraits of a Pharaoh: The Sesostris Tradition in Ancient Literature and Culture

When Greeks and Romans thought about Pharaonic Egypt, they would have named Sesostris as the land’s most iconic ruler. From his first appearance in Herodotus’ Histories to his afterlife in Byzantine historians, the Sesostris character played the roles of world-conqueror and Egyptian culture hero in Greek and Roman texts. Yet, while the Sesostris character was a creation of legend, he was based on three pharaohs of the Egyptian 12th Dynasty… Read more

Theater of the Home Front: Gendered Trauma in Greek Tragedy

Abstract In plays about war and homecoming, male and female characters are both traumatized by the extreme events that disrupt their lives, but structural forces, including gender and class hierarchies, shape their pain in different ways, affecting how these characters react to and express their pain, trauma, and grief in performance. These same structural forces also determine how other characters – and the external audience – respond to their expressions… Read more

Uncanny Intruders

Abstract My main project at CHS this semester, provisionally entitled Uncanny Intruders, seeks to understand Greek literature’s fascination with what Sarah Johnston has called the “returning dead,” from the Homeric poems to Heliodorus’ Ethiopian Story. It demonstrates how an engagement with anthropological approaches to the history and phenomenology of ancient religious experience can deepen and complicate readings of literary texts. In addition, I have also been working on a collaborative… Read more

The Poetics of Distress, the Rape of the Heavenly Maiden, and the Most Ancient Sleeping Beauty: Oralistic, Linguistic, and Comparative Perspectives on the (Pre-)Historical…

§0. Abstract Often compared with West Asian and Egyptian texts, the Homeric Hymn to Demeter (hereafter Hymn) and the other variants of the myth of Demeter and Persephone-Kore have a number of onomastic, phraseological, and thematic parallels in texts composed in other Indo-European languages. By means of an oralistic, linguistic, and comparative approach, my research aims to, firstly, reconstruct the common background of the Hymn and its Indo-European counterparts on… Read more

Materiality and Aesthetics in Archaic and Classical Greek Poetry

Citation with persistent identifier: Lather, Amy. “Materiality and Aesthetics in Archaic and Classical Greek Poetry.” CHS Research Bulletin 8 (2020). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:LatherA.Materiality_and_Aesthetics_in_Archaic_and_Classical_Greek_Poetry.2020 In its interest in aesthetic experience as a form of interaction between humans and things, my study contributes to the growing body of work in the humanities devoted to uncovering the ways in which humans make sense of things, and conversely, how things make sense of us: how they make us who… Read more

Ars Brevis: Temporal and Exegetical Compressions in Greco-Roman and Islamicate Medicine

Citation with persistent identifier: Das, Aileen. “Ars Brevis: Temporal and Exegetical Compressions in Greco-Roman and Islamicate Medicine.” CHS Research Bulletin 8 (2020). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:DasA.Ars_Brevis.2020 My previous work on the medieval Islamicate reception of Plato’s Timaeus, which circulated in Arabic through the Greek physician Galen’s (d. c. 217 CE) summary of the dialogue, has led to an interest in the role of brevity in medical discourse, which is the subject of my second monograph, Ars… Read more

New Features in Old Texts. A Diachronic Study of Linear B Tablets from the Room of the Chariot Tablets at Knossos to the Odos…

Citation with persistent identifier: Pierini, Rachele. “New Features in Old Texts. A Diachronic Study of Linear B Tablets from the Room of the Chariot Tablets at Knossos to the Odos Pelopidou at Thebes.” CHS Research Bulletin 8 (2020). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:PieriniR.New_Features_in_Old_Texts.2020 This research project aims to investigate the diachronic development of Linear B tablets (standardly approached, instead, as a synchronic dataset) by focusing on specific idiosyncrasies in order to gain a new understanding of the earliest… Read more

The Legacy of Ancient Greek Ideals at Times of Environmental Crisis: Heritage, Democracy and Art in Southern Italy and Greece

Citation with persistent identifier: Pellegrino, Manuela. “The Legacy of Ancient Greek Ideals at Times of Environmental Crisis: Heritage, Democracy and Art in Southern Italy and Greece.” CHS Research Bulletin 8 (2020). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:PellegrinoM.The_Legacy_of_Ancient_Greek_Ideals_at_Times_of_Environmental_Crisis.2020 In October 2018, I applied to the Center for Hellenic Studies with a project with the provisional title, “The Legacy of Ancient Greek Ideals at Times of Environmental Crisis: Heritage, Democracy and Art in Southern Italy and Greece.” This fellowship allows… Read more

Lysistrata on Stage and on the Street: Aristophanes, Popular Theater and Politics from the French Revolution to the Age of the Web

Abstract My project explores Lysistrata’s extraordinary performance history, unearthing a staging tradition of Aristophanes as popular theater, stretching continuously over two centuries and linking 1789 revolutionary politics in France to global activism today.  I maintain that there is an integral connection between popular approaches to staging Aristophanes and the legacy of democratic enlightenment values.  Another trait of this unique performance tradition is its strong intercultural character, already in place at… Read more

Report | Lysistrata on Stage and on the Street: Aristophanes, Popular Theater and Politics from the French Revolution to the Age of the Web

Citation with persistent identifier: Kotzamani, Marina. “Lysistrata on Stage and on the Street: Aristophanes, Popular Theater and Politics from the French Revolution to the Age of the Web.” CHS Research Bulletin 7 (2019). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:KotzamaniM.Lysistrata_on_Stage.2019 Abstract My project explores Lysistrata’s extraordinary performance history, unearthing a staging tradition of Aristophanes as popular theater, stretching continuously over two centuries and linking 1789 revolutionary politics in France to global activism today.  I maintain that there is an… Read more

Euripides’ Athens: Art, Cult, and Leadership

Abstract This is a book-length project that investigates the political implications of Euripides’ dialogue with cult, iconography and architecture, mainly but not exclusively Athenian. In the first part of this report (‘Art and Politics in Euripides’ Plays’) I offer an overview of my findings before starting my fellowship at the CHS, published in several articles. In the second part (‘Euripides’ Athens: Art, Cult and Leadership’) I report on the progress… Read more

The Poetics of Female Hiketeia: Cult and Character in Euripides

Abstract Setting out to study the significance of Euripidean representations of cultic activities, I have used Andromache as a case study, in order to decode the ways female hiketeia is used in Euripides as a vehicle to engage with questions of cult, individual and collective characterization, gender and class disparities, justice and family relationships. If, as Gould suggests, hiketeia is “a social institution which permits the acceptance of an outsider… Read more

A Handbook of Homeric Greek Word Order: Expressing Information Structure in Homer and Beyond

Abstract Whereas word order in Ancient Greek has long seemed to be an unsolvable crux of ancient grammar, recent advances in general syntax and the development of research on Information Structure made it possible to understand it in a new light. The aim of this report is to describe the book I have been writing at the CHS to tackle the issue of word order in the Homeric poems. Report… Read more

Unheard Melodies: Music and Meaning in Ancient Greek and Roman Theater

Citation with persistent identifier: Moore, Timothy J. “Unheard Melodies: Music and Meaning in Ancient Greek and Roman Theater.” CHS Research Bulletin 7 (2019). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:MooreT.Unheard_Melodies.2019 Abstract Virtually all theater in the Greco-Roman world was musical theater. Iambic trimeters were almost always spoken without accompaniment, but other meters were almost always sung or chanted to the accompaniment of the aulos. We can therefore tell from the texts of ancient plays when actors sang or chanted… Read more

Homer in the Margins: Literary Citation and the Ancient Commentary

Citation with persistent identifier: Smith, Joshua. “Homer in the Margins: Literary Citation and the Ancient Commentary.” CHS Research Bulletin 7 (2019). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:SmithJ.Homer_in_the_Margins.2019 Abstract My project is an analysis of how and why Homer was cited by ancient Greek scholars in their commentaries to other authors, as evidenced by the extant scholia. On a formal level, I address the language and manner in which these citations are presented, as well as their distribution across… Read more

The Metaphors of Conscientia in Seneca’s Epistles

Citation with persistent identifier: Németh, Attila. “The Metaphors of Conscientia in Seneca’s Epistles.” CHS Research Bulletin 7 (2019). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:NemethA.The_Metaphors_of_Conscientia.2019 Abstract In his philosophical works Seneca masterfully applies an inherited stock of imagery to illuminate some Stoic technical terminology in a context that is more meaningful and familiar to his Roman and later readers. However, in certain cases in Seneca’s moral letters, his metaphors do not seem to be simply ornamental or clarifying. Instead,… Read more

Epics and Ritual: Reconsidering Homeric Performance in Ancient Greece

Citation with persistent identifier: Brouillet, Manon. “Epics and Ritual: Reconsidering Homeric Performance in Ancient Greece.” CHS Research Bulletin 7 (2019). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:BrouilletM.Epics_and_Ritual.2019 Abstract My project on Homeric epics and ritual seeks to explore the link between the massive importance of Homeric epics in Greek polytheism, as stated by Herodotus himself, and their performance during religious festivals. Can the ritual setting of the epic performances be relevant to our understanding of their role in Greek society? My… Read more

A Psychological Study of Dreams in Hellenistic Poetry

Citation with persistent identifier: Karamitsou, Dimitra. “A Psychological Study of Dreams in Hellenistic Poetry.” CHS Research Bulletin 7 (2019). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:BoufalisD.A_Psychological_Study_of_Dreams_in_Hellenistic_Poetry.2019 Abstract The aim of my paper is to examine the dreams in Hellenistic poetry and to decode them based on the dreamers’ internal world, as this is represented by the poet. In Homer, dreams are presented as the gods’ will and they are a useful instrument for predicting the future. Contrary to the Homeric dream’s… Read more

Near-Eastern Echoes in Iliad XVI 33-35

Citation with persistent identifier: Alepidou, Apostolia. “Near-Eastern Echoes in Iliad XVI 33-35.” CHS Research Bulletin 7 (2019). http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:hlnc.essay:AlepidouA.Near-Eastern_Echoes_in_Iliad_XVI_33-35.2019 The aim of this research project is to shed light on a peculiar phrase found in Iliad 16.33-35, the meaning and origin of which have troubled scholars and readers since antiquity. At this point of the Iliadic plot, Patroclus, devastated by the numerous deaths inflicted on the Achaean army by Hector, accuses Achilles of… Read more

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